Smart Growth for Coastal & Waterfront Communities includes an overview of the unique development challenges and opportunities along the water and provides specific approaches to development that include a description of the issues, tools and techniques, and case studies.
The ESF has been responding to potential climate change impacts by working cooperatively to study and address salt marsh loss. In addition to working with agencies and regional research facilities, ESF conservation projects such as constructing water control structures to adapt to rising sea levels and acquisition and management efforts to “clear the floodplain” address climate change challenges by allowing for migration of tidal marshes and building ecological resilience.
Sea level rise amplifies hazards such as coastal erosion, inundation due to storm surge, extreme tides, and tsunami, and is projected to lead to more frequent and increasingly severe flooding. To respond to these threats conservation efforts on the 277-acre Waihe’e Coastal Dunes and Wetlands Refuge aim to mitigate impacts of sea level rise, promote habitat restoration, and support food security and community sustainability.
This report, the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change: Coastal offers a comprehensive review of potential impacts to coastal systems due to climate change.
Shoreline erosion is a natural process. However, sea level rise and poorly planned shoreline development projects can accelerate natural erosion rates. NOAA’s Shoreline Management Toolbox presents alternative approaches for human uses and development near the shoreline.
The U.S. Interagency Elevation Inventory provides a comprehensive listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the U.S. and its territories. Elevation data is necessary to develop coastal elevation models and are critical components when looking at sea level rise, coastal flooding, beach nourishment, erosion, or any other processes that occur within the land-water interface.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Coastal Program is a non-regulatory program that provides technical and financial assistance to landowners and coastal communities to restore or protect fish and wildlife habitat on public and private lands.
Land trusts and conservation groups across the country are using geospatial techniques such as mapping and modeling to identify and reduce vulnerabilities to climate change impacts.
Wetlands restoration efforts on this working farm protect human land uses and improve the surrounding slough system.