Climate change effects on biodiversity, ecosystems, ecosystem services, and natural resource management in the United States

This assessment of climate change impacts on biodiversity, ecosystems, and ecosystem services in the U.S. and implications for natural resource management. The report draws from the 4th National Climate Assessment to summarize observed and projected changes to ecosystems and biodiversity, explore linkages to important ecosystem services, and discuss associated challenges and opportunities for natural resource management. By continuing to work to understand how and why systems are changing, and shifting focus from short-term planning based on historical information to long-term strategies developed using historic and future data from climate model projections, resource managers may increase both environmental and human system resilience to climate-induced impacts.