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Biologically speaking, adaptation is a change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment. Increasingly adaptation is used to describe adjustments that society or ecosystems make to limit negative effects of climate change.
This toolkit includes practices that have been applied to support wetland management for climate adaptation objectives.
California runs a number of programs that help it reduce its climate pollution, including financial support for electric vehicle purchases, mandates on biofuels and requirements that utilities source a substantial amount of their power from renewable sources. The new legislation requires the California Air Resources Board to strengthen these programs, or roll out new ones, to ensure that the new targets are met.
Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: Effects and Adaptation provides an overview of climate trends affecting agriculture. projections for change, and potential economic effects on the sector. The report also provides an overview of adaptation options at multiple scales and identifies research gaps.
Drafting conservation easements for long-term success requires consideration of many factors, including potential climate change impacts. Conservation easements should be designed to be adaptable, thus allowing managers to respond in a timely manner to changing conditions and conservation values, which may result from climate change or other natural- or man-made-causes.
Forest Adaptation Resources: Climate Change Tools and Approaches for Land Managers offers resources to inform adaptation responses for forest land managers.
Improved Forest Management (IFM) projects under the California cap-and-trade market allow production of new, non-traditional commodities: forest carbon offsets. With data drawn from California IFM project design documents and in-depth interviews with carbon project developers, this study traces the development, sale, and maintenance of forest offsets, in order to map access to benefits along the commodity chain.
Numerous land trusts have already incorporated elements of climate adaptation planning into their management strategies. In general, a climate change adaptation plan identifies and assesses impacts that are likely to affect the planning area, develops goals and actions to best minimize these impacts, and establishes a process to implement those actions. Climate change adaptation actions can often fulfill other management goals, such as sustainable development and risk reduction, and can therefore be incorporated into existing decision-making processes.
The Lake Pontchartrain Basin Foundation (LPBF) works to restore and preserve natural resources within the watershed. Restoration projects combined with community education and outreach to improve land management practices have yielded measurable water quality improvements. By increasing protection of natural features such as marshes, barrier islands, and ridges, conservation efforts help protect surrounding communities – both ecological and socio-economic – from the impacts of increasingly stronger hurricanes and sea level rise.
The 2012 National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy was produced by an intergovernmental working group of federal, state, and tribal agency representatives to inspire and enable natural resource managers to take actions to adapt to climate change. This publication details greenhouse gas induced changes to the climate, existing and projected impacts to wildlife and ecosystems, and provides a host of adaptation goals, strategies, and actions across multiple management sectors.